However, malaria is a curable disease if promptly diagnosed and adequately can be treated.
The disease is caused by a parasite which is transmitted to human beings bitten by infected mosquitoes. The disease is widespread in Africa, and over one million people die of malaria every year on the continent. Within South Africa's borders the disease is encountered mainly in northern and eastern Mpumalanga, northern Kwa-Zulu Natal, and the border areas of the Northern and North West provinces.
Considering South Africa's neighbours, malaria is also considered to be a threat to travellers visiting the lower lying areas of Swaziland, while it is encountered throughout Mozambique and Zimbabwe, and much of Botswana.
Northern Namibia is also a malarious area. Within South Africa's borders, malaria transmission is at its highest during the warmer and wetter months of November through to April.
From May through to October the risks of acquiring malaria are reduced. For a full size map and a list of game parks follow this link. Both personal protection methods and anti-malarial medication are important, and neither should be neglected at the expense of the other.
If at all possible avoid being outdoors at night, when malaria carrying mosquitoes are more likely to bite. The exact choice of which to use depends both upon the particular area being visited, and the traveller's own medical history. Within South Africa's borders either a combination of chloroquine with proguanil, or Mefloquine Mefliam alone are the commonly used anti-malaria tablets.
Chloroquine and proguanil are available without a doctor's prescription.
Mefloquine Mefliam can only be obtained with a doctor's prescription. Because of the emergence of chloroquine resistant strains of malaria in South Africa, chloroquine should not be taken alone but should always be combined with proguanil.
The adult dosage is two chloroquine tablets per week, starting one week before entering the malarious area. Proguanil may be started twenty-four hours before entering the malarious area, and two tablets must be taken every day.
Both chloroquine and proguanil should be taken for four weeks after departing the malarious area, and both are best taken at night after a meal. Mefloquine Mefliam is taken in adult dosage of one tablet per week. This should be commenced at least one week before entering the malarious area and continued for four weeks after leaving the malarious area.
Like chloroquine and proguanil, Mefloquine Mefliam is best taken at night after a meal, and with liquids. The principal contra-indications to the use of Mefloquine Mefliam are a history of treatment for psychiatric disorder or epilepsy.
No method of malaria prevention is one hundred per cent effective, and there is still a small chance of contracting malaria despite the taking of anti-malaria medication and the adoption of personal protection methods.
This does not mean that anti-malaria medication and personal protection measures should be neglected, simply that any traveller developing possible symptoms of malaria should seek medical advice despite having taken the prescribed precautions.
Most of the malaria found within Southern Africa is of the falciparum species. This is potentially the most dangerous species of malaria, and can prove rapidly fatal. Symptoms may develop as soon as seven days after arrival in a malarious area, or as long as three months after leaving a malarious area.
Symptoms of malaria are often beguilingly mild in the initial stages, resembling influenza. It is worth emphasising that these symptoms may not be dramatic, and can easily be mistaken for an attack of influenza or similar non-life threatening illness.
Deterioration can then be sudden and dramatic, with a rapid increase in the number of parasites in the victim's blood stream.
A high swinging fever may develop, with marked shivering and dramatic perspiration. Complications of a serious nature, such as involvement of the kidneys or brain cerebral malaria may then follow. Cerebral malaria is extremely serious, with the victim becoming delirious and entering a coma.
Cerebral malaria is frequently fatal, and it is extremely important that all suspected cases of malaria should receive medical attention as soon as is possible.Malaria affects the health and wealth of nations and people in every part of the world.
Malaria is a very serious, life threathing disease that is passed from person to person. It is one of the largest diseases around the world.
Malaria has been on earth since the mid - Pleistocene age/5(4). An analysis of Malaria in Africa In , approximately billion people, which is almost half of the world 's population, were at risk of being infected with Malaria. Most cases of malaria occur in sub-Saharan Africa however, Asia, Latin America, and, the Middle East are at risk but to a lesser extent.
In South Africa, the discontinued use of DDT in the s resulted in the worst malaria epidemic the country has experienced since the introduction of indoor spraying in the s.
The reintroduction of DDT in resulted in an overall decrease in the number of malaria cases of approximately 50% in (Maharaj et al., ). Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that lives both in mosquitoes and humans (9).
Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that lives both in mosquitoes and humans (9). Malaria lives in tropical and sub-tropical areas such as Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Haiti, India, The Dominican Republic, Africa, Papua New Guinea, and Central and South America (3). essay instructions: any original topic on malaria in sub-sahara africa. please include the proposal, graphs, quotations, relevant statistical data, and all the standard components of a thesis. PLEASE INCLUDE THE PROPOSAL, GRAPHS, QUOTATIONS, RELEVANT STATISTICAL DATA, AND ALL THE STANDARD COMPONENTS OF A THESIS. Most malaria cases seem to cluster in the tropical climate areas extending into the subtropics, and malaria is especially endemic in Africa. In eighty percent of all reported cases were in Africa, while the remainder of most cases came from nine countries: India, Brazil, Afghanistan, Sri-Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Cambodia, and.
Malaria lives in tropical and sub-tropical areas such as Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Haiti, India, The Dominican Republic, Africa, Papua New Guinea, and Central and South America (3).
- Malaria Introduction to Malaria Malaria is a deadly disease, responsible for ,, malaria-infected people and over a million deaths annually. It is caused by malaria parasites that have infected mosquitoes, so the disease is transferred into a person’s blood when the mosquito bites us.
Essay: Malaria in sub-saharan Africa Malaria is a major cause of ailment, resulting in approximately million incidents of clinical malaria and claiming thousand lives (World malaria report, ).Most of these cases occur in Sub-Saharan Africa and prevalence is high among children(WHO,).