While Hughes himself did not belong to the lower class of the African American people, his works and poetry mostly addressed the problems plaguing the lives of these people. Several of his poems bear an influence of the Blues that were the most common means for these people to express their pain and anguish. Hughes was not just a poet but also a playwright and prose writer. He has written several works of prose apart from drama.
The title of the poem, "Harlem," implies that the dream is one that has been kept from the people. The dream is one of social equality and civil rights.
Hughes uses a variety of figurative language to create vivid imagery in the poem to suggest just what might happen as a result of being denied that dream. Series of Similes Simile is the primary type of figurative language used in the poem.
A simile uses the words "like" or "as" to compare two things, and a series of similes are used in the poem to compare a dream deferred to rotting, aging or burdensome items. A dream deferred is compared to a raisin, a sore, rotten meat, a syrupy sweet and a heavy load.
The actions linked to these items suggest what might happen to the dream, such as rotting and dying or weighing down the conscience of the people.
Ending Metaphor A metaphor compares two things without using the connectors "like" or "as. The metaphor compares a dream deferred to a bomb.
The momentum for the dream may continue to build and, having nowhere to go, finally explode. Alternately, the dreamer's anger may cause the dream to explode into action.
Running Symbolism Each of the similes and the metaphor are symbolic of what can happen in the society that defers the dream of equality. If it dries up like a raisin in the sun, the suggestion is that it has been deferred by the passage of time and has lost its life, or the inspiration that sustains it.
If it is rotting like meat, the people have become soured by resentment and contempt. If it explodes, the people have decided to revolt and to claim the dream by violent force.
Other Figurative Language Many other examples of figurative language are found throughout the poem, helping to reinforce the vivid imagery.
The ongoing use of the phrase "Does it" is an example of anaphora, which is the repetition of a word or phrase at the start of a series of sentences, phrases or clauses. Used here, anaphora helps to emphasize the question and to create a sense of urgency around it.
Alliteration, or the repetition of consonant sounds, is found in the "d" sound in "What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up The final line uses hyperbole, or deliberate exaggeration, to underscore the severity of the potential consequences of denying the dream of social equality. Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article.Langston Hughes is best known as one of the most imminent poets of Harlem Renaissance.
While Hughes himself did not belong to the lower class of the African American people, his works and poetry mostly addressed the problems plaguing the lives of these people. Twelfth graders read and discuss poems by Jewel., Sylvia Plath, and Langston Hughes They examine poems for examples of metaphors and similes.
After discussing Jewel's . GED Language Arts Reading CLN/ESD Rob Rowe, Instructor GED Language Arts Reading Poetry: Figurative Language Lesson 13 Selections: "Dream Deferred" by Langston Hughes "Martin Luther King Jr.
by Gwendolyn Brooks OBJECTIVES FOR THE STUDENT Hughes also uses similes to make an impression upon the mind of the. In Hughes’ poem “Dream Deferred” he uses figures of speech, tone, and a unifying theme to show how black people’s dreams were delayed.
|Aspiring Minds Read!: Poetry Analysis #2 "A Dream Deferred"||The poem uses six metaphors, five of which could be called similes.|
|Expert Answers||It touches, through deft use of simile, the end result of discouragement and unfairness.|
|Metaphors and Similes in English: Langston Hughes teaches us the difference| LOI English||His parents divorced when he was a young child, and his father moved to Mexico.|
|What are all the similes in the poem "Harlem?" | eNotes||Have you read these? Thus in the very first line, the poet mentions the importance of dreams.|
Hughes uses similes and metaphors–figures of speech–to portray that often times their dreams never came true. English I Through ESOL: Hope is the Thing with Feathers/Harlem Page 1 English I Through ESOL.
Poetry: “’Hope’ Is the Thing with Feathers” by Emily Dickinson & “Harlem” (also known as “Dream Deferred”) by Langston Hughes.
A “dream deferred” was one of Hughes’ overriding themes, and “dream” is a hard word to read without considering how it tends to hitch itself to the adjective “American” or to Martin Luther King, Jr’s., “I have a dream,” in which he used “dream” as a sort of counterpoint or calling out of the American dream.