Definitions[ edit ] Romanticism's celebration of euphoria and sublimity has always been dogged by an equally intense fascination with melancholia, insanity, crime and shady atmosphere; with the options of ghosts and ghouls, the grotesque, and the irrational. Thompson, "the Dark Romantics adapted images of anthropomorphized evil in the form of Satandevilsghostswerewolvesvampiresand ghouls " as emblematic of human nature. Fallen man's inability fully to comprehend haunting reminders of another, supernatural realm that yet seemed not to exist, the constant perplexity of inexplicable and vastly metaphysical phenomena, a propensity for seemingly perverse or evil moral choices that had no firm or fixed measure or rule, and a sense of nameless guilt combined with a suspicion the external world was a delusive projection of the mind—these were major elements in the vision of man the Dark Romantics opposed to the mainstream of Romantic thought. Hoffmann Christian Heinrich Spiessand Ludwig Tieck — though their emphasis on existential alienation, the demonic in sex, and the uncanny,  was offset at the same time by the more homely cult of Biedermeier.
Poe was the first writer to recognize that the short story was a different kind of fiction than the novel and the first to insist that, for a story to have a powerful effect on the reader, every single detail in the story should contribute to that effect.
His stories and criticism have been models and guides for writers in this characteristically American genre up to the present time. No one who is interested in the short-story form can afford to ignore his ideas or his fiction.
Poe was influential in making American literature more philosophical and metaphysical than it had been heretofore, especially in terms of the dark Romanticism of Germany rather than the sometimes sentimentalized romanticism of New England Transcendentalists.
Poe also helped to make periodical publishing more important in American literary culture. American writing in the mid-nineteenth century was often discouraged by the easy accessibility of English novels.
Lack of copyright laws made the works of the great English writers cheaply available; thus, American writers could not compete in this genre. Poe was an important figure in this battle to make the United States a literary force in world culture. Although much of his early criticism is routine review work, he began in his reviews to consider the basic nature of poetry and short fiction and to develop theoretical analyses of these two genres, drawing upon both the German criticism of A.
Schlegel and the English criticism of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Poe makes such a convincing case for the organic unity of short fiction, argues so strongly for its dependence on a unified effect, and so clearly shows how it is more closely aligned to the poem than to the novel, that his ideas on the short tale have influenced short-story writers and literary critics ever since.
In his theories of the short story, Poe argues that, whereas in long works one may be pleased with particular passages, in short pieces the pleasure results from the perception of the oneness, the uniqueness, and the overall unity of the piece.
It is pattern that makes the separate elements of the work meaningful, not mere realistic cause and effect. Poe is too often judged as being simply the author of some horror stories that many people remember vividly from their adolescent days but that few adult readers take very seriously.
Moreover, Poe is often judged on the basis of errors and misunderstandings about his personality. He has been called an alcoholic, a drug addict, a hack, and a sex pervert. As a result of these errors, myths, and oversimplifications, serious readers are often reluctant to look closely at his work.
There is little doubt that Poe, however, both in his criticism and in his dark, metaphysically mysterious stories, helped create a literature that made American writing a serious cultural force.
Short story A young nobleman, haunted by a family curse, buries his twin sister alive after she falls into a cataleptic trance.
It expertly combines in a powerful and economical way all of his most obsessive themes, and it brilliantly reflects his aesthetic theory that all the elements of a literary work must contribute to the single unified effect or pattern of the work itself.
Although its symptoms consist of an extreme sensitivity to all sensory stimuli and a powerful unmotivated fear, nowhere does Poe suggest its cause except to hint at some dark family curse or hereditary illness.
Roderick, with his paintings, his musical compositions, and his poetry, is, above all, an artist.
It is the particular nature of his art that is inextricably tied up with his illness. Roderick has no contact with the external world that might serve as the subject matter of his art.
Not only does he never leave the house, but he also cannot tolerate light, sound, touch, odor, or taste. In effect, having shut down all of his senses, he has no source for his art but his own subjectivity.Transcendentalist/ Dark Romantic Essay Prompt Your Task: Write a graduation speech for the graduating class of You must write in the tone, style, manner, and character of on of these authors: Emerson, Thoreau, Poe.
Romanticism Essay. Andrew Werhane English 11 Accelerated October 5, Clash of Ideas: The Transcendentalism and AntiTranscendentalist View on the World There was a period of time during the ’s called the Romanticism period; it was a period of artistic, literary and, intellectual movement.
The label Dark Romanticism is used by people in different contexts to describe gothic novels from the 18th century as well as culture from today’. Romanticism and transcendentalism are closely related. However, there are certain concepts that are emphasized in both. These may be views on a person’s individuality, nature, philosophies, or spirituality.
Romanticism started in Europe during the 18th century.
The nineteenth century gave readers a plethora of literary genius. Perhaps the most recognized literary movement was Transcendentalism. This literary concept was based on a group of new ideas in religion, culture, and philosophy. Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. Open Document. Below is an essay on "Light Romanticism vs. Dark Romanticism" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
It is an artistic, intellectual, and. Similar Items. Poe's fiction, romantic irony in the Gothic tales By: Thompson, Gary Richard, Published: () Romantic Gothic tales, /. English 3P Unit Goal. Write an essay that defines American Romanticism’s views of TRUTH AND KNOWLEDGE and examines their use of stylistic devices such as imagery, figures of speech, paradox and symbolism to communicate philosophical attitudes and themes.